Comprehensive analysis of the transcriptional profile of the Mediator complex across human cancer types

Isabella Syring, Niklas Klümper, Anne Offermann, Martin Braun, Mario Deng, Diana Boehm, Angela Queisser, Anne von Mässenhausen, Johannes Brägelmann, Wenzel Vogel, Doris Schmidt, Michael Majores, Anne Schindler, Glen Kristiansen, Stefan C. Müller, Jörg Ellinger, Zaki Shaikhibrahim, Sven Perner*

*Corresponding author for this work
16 Citations (Scopus)


The Mediator complex is a key regulator of gene transcription and several studies demonstrated altered expressions of particular subunits in diverse human diseases, especially cancer. However a systematic study deciphering the transcriptional expression of the Mediator across different cancer entities is still lacking. We therefore performed a comprehensive in silico cancer vs. benign analysis of the Mediator complex subunits (MEDs) for 20 tumor entities using Oncomine datasets. The transcriptional expression profiles across almost all cancer entities showed differentially expressed MEDs as compared to benign tissue. Differential expression of MED8 in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and MED12 in lung cancer (LCa) were validated and further investigated by immunohistochemical staining on tissue microarrays containing large numbers of specimen. MED8 in clear cell RCC (ccRCC) associated with shorter survival and advanced TNM stage and showed higher expression in metastatic than primary tumors. In vitro, siRNA mediated MED8 knockdown significantly impaired proliferation and motility in ccRCC cell lines, hinting at a role for MED8 to serve as a novel therapeutic target in ccRCC. Taken together, our Mediator complex transcriptome proved to be a valid tool for identifying cancer-related shifts in Mediatorcomplex composition, revealing that MEDs do exhibit cancer specific transcriptional expression profiles.

Original languageEnglish
Issue number17
Pages (from-to)23043-23055
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 26.04.2016


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