Purpose: Adherence to medication can be assessed by various self-report questionnaires. One could hypothesize that survey respondents tend to answer questions in a manner that will be viewed favorably by others. We aimed to answer if anonymous and nonanonymous responses to a questionnaire on medication adherence differ. Patients and methods: Adherence was assessed with the German Stendal Adherence with Medication Score (SAMS), which includes 18 questions with responses based on a 5-point Likert scale. Anonymous data from 40 subjects were collected during a symposium for patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD), and nonanonymous data were obtained from 40 outpatient-clinic PD patients at the Department of Neurology. Results: The two groups (anonymous self-reported questionnaire and nonanonymous) did not differ in terms of demographical characteristics and the SAMS sum score. However, anonymously collected data showed significant higher scoring for the item 6 (“Do you forget your medications?”) than the data collected nonanonymously (P=0.017). All other items of the SAMS did not significantly differ between both groups. Conclusion: Overall assessment of adherence does not depend on whether the patient remains anonymous or not. There seems to be no relevant social desirability bias in nonanonymous responses.
Research Areas and Centers
- Centers: Center for Neuromuscular Diseases