Objective: This pilot study was a comparison of dimensional models assessing personality traits and personality pathology in a clinical sample of adults diagnosed with ADHD and adults diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD), and a nonclinical control sample of healthy adults. Method: Personality traits were assessed using the NEO–Personality Inventory–Revised (NEO-PI-R) and dimensional personality pathology with the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology–Basic Questionnaire (DAPP-BQ). Results: Adults with ADHD and BPD produced higher Emotional Dysregulation/Neuroticism and Dissocial Behavior scores than controls. For the Extraversion/Inhibitedness scale, adults with BPD produced significantly lower scores than adults with ADHD and controls. On the Conscientiousness/Compulsivity domains, Conscientiousness scores were lower for both disorders, whereas low Compulsivity values were specific to adult ADHD. Conclusion: Our results suggest that patients with adult ADHD and BPD have distinguishable profiles of personality traits and personality pathology.
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)