Maternal uniparental disomy 14 [upd(14)mat] is associated with a recognizable phenotype that includes preand postnatal growth retardation, neonatal hypotonia, feeding problems and precocious puberty. Chromosome 14 contains an imprinted gene cluster, which is regulated by a differentially methylated region (IG-DMR) between DLK1 and GTL2. Here we report on four patients with clinical features of upd(14)mat who show a maternal-only methylation pattern, but biparental inheritance for chromosome 14. In three of the patients loss of paternal methylation appears to be a primary epimutation, whereas the other patient has a paternally derived deletion of -1 Mb that includes the imprinted DLK1-GTL2 gene cluster. These findings demonstrate that the upd(14)mat phenotype is caused by altered expression of genes within this cluster.
Research Areas and Centers
- Research Area: Medical Genetics