Chronic Depression: Development and evaluation of the luebeck questionnaire for recording preoperational thinking (LQPT)

Tanja Kühnen*, Franziska Knappke, Tanja Otto, Stephanie Friedrich, Jan P. Klein, Kai G. Kahl, Michael Hüppe, Valerija Sipos, Ulrich Schweiger

*Corresponding author for this work
8 Citations (Scopus)


Background: A standardized instrument for recording the specific cognitive psychopathology of chronically depressed patients has not yet been developed. Up until now, preoperational thinking of chronically depressed patients has only been described in case studies, or through the external observations of therapists. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a standardized self-assessment instrument for measuring preoperational thinking that sufficiently conforms to the quality criteria for test theory.Methods: The "Luebeck Questionnaire for Recording Preoperational Thinking (LQPT)" was developed and evaluated using a german sample consisting of 30 episodically depressed, 30 chronically depressed and 30 healthy volunteers. As an initial step the questionnaire was subjected to an item analysis and a final test form was compiled. In a second step, reliability and validity tests were performed.Results: Overall, the results of this study showed that the LQPT is a useful, reliable and valid instrument. The reliability (split-half reliability 0.885; internal consistency 0.901) and the correlations with other instruments for measuring related constructs (control beliefs, interpersonal problems, stress management) proved to be satisfactory. Chronically depressed patients, episodically depressed patients and healthy volunteers could be distinguished from one another in a statistically significant manner (p < 0.001).Conclusion: The questionnaire fulfilled the classical test quality criteria. With the LQPT there is an opportunity to test the theory underlying the CBASP model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number199
JournalBMC Psychiatry
Publication statusPublished - 20.12.2011


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