Chronic blockade of angiotensin AT1 receptors improves cardinal symptoms of metabolic syndrome in diet-induced obesity in rats

Helge Müller-Fielitz, Nils Hübel, Martin Mildner, Florian M. Vogt, Jörg Barkhausen, Walter Raasch*

*Corresponding author for this work
17 Citations (Scopus)


Background and Purpose AT1 receptor antagonists decrease body weight gain in models of murine obesity. However, fewer data are available concerning the anti-obesity effects of these antagonists, given as a treatment after obesity had been established. Experimental Approach In spontaneously hypertensive rats, obesity was established by cafeteria diet (CD) feeding for 19 weeks. Rats were then were treated with telmisartan (8 mg·kg -1·d-1) or amlodipine (10 mg·kg -1·d-1; serving as blood pressure control) or telmisartan + amlodipine (2 + 10 mg·kg-1·d -1; to control for dose-dependency) for 17 weeks. Rats receiving only chow (Cchow) or CD-fed rats treated with vehicle (CCD) served as controls. Key Results The CD feeding induced obesity, hyperphagia, hyperlipidaemia, and leptin and insulin resistance. Telmisartan reduced the CD-induced increase in body weight and abdominal fat mass. Whereas energy intake was higher rather than lower, the respiratory ratio was lower. After telmisartan, leptin-induced energy intake was reduced and respiratory ratio was increased compared with CCD rats. Telmisartan also decreased plasma levels of triglycerides, free fatty acids and low-density lipoprotein. Amlodipine alone or the combination telmisartan + amlodipine did not affect body weight and eating behaviour. Telmisartan, but not amlodipine and telmisartan + amlodipine, improved glucose utilization. The decrease in BP reduction was almost the same in all treatment groups. Conclusions and Implications Telmisartan exerted anti-obesity effects and restored leptin sensitivity, given as a treatment to rats with obesity. Such effects required high doses of telmisartan and were independent of the decrease in blood pressure.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)746-760
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 01.02.2014

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)


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