Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains isolated in Mangalore, India, were characterised by bead-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (bead-ELISA), Vero cell cytotoxicity assay, PCR and colony hybridisation for the detection of stx1 and stx2 genes. Four strains from seafood, six from beef and one from a clinical case of bloody diarrhoea were positive for Shiga toxins Stx1 and Stx2 and also for stx1 and stx2 genes. The seafood isolates produced either Stx2 alone or both Stx1 and Stx2, while the beef isolates produced Stx1 alone. The stx1 gene of all the beef STEC was found to be of recently reported stx1c type. All STEC strains and one non-STEC strain isolated from clam harboured EHEC-hlyA. Interestingly, though all STEC strains were negative for eae gene, two STEC strains isolated from seafood and one from a patient with bloody diarrhoea possessed STEC autoagglutinating adhesion (saa) gene, recently identified as a gene encoding a novel autoagglutinating adhesion.
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)