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Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is a proinflammatory cytokine and a therapeutic target in several chronic autoimmune states. Monocytes and macrophages are themajor sources of IL-1β. IL-1β production by these cells requires Toll-like receptor (TLR) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-mediated P2X purinoceptor 7 (P2X7) signals, which together activate the inflammasome. However, how TLR signals and ATP availability are regulated during monocyte activation is unclear and the involvement of another danger signal system has been proposed. Here, we demonstrate that both lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and the anaphylatoxin C3a are needed for IL-1β production in human macrophages and dendritic cells, while in monocytes, C3a enhanced the secretion of LPS-induced IL-1β. C3a and LPS-stimulated monocytes increased T helper 17 (Th17) cell induction in vitro, and human rejecting, but not nonrejecting, kidney transplant biopsies were characterized by local generation of C3a and monocyte and Th17 cell infiltration. Mechanistically, C3a drives IL-1β production inmonocytes by controlling the release of intracellular ATP into the extracellular space via regulation of as-yet unidentified ATPreleasing channels in an extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2-dependent fashion. These data define a novel function for complement in inflammasome activation in monocytes and suggest that C3aR-mediated signaling is a vital component of the IL- 1β-Th17 axis.
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- 1 Finished
Köhl, J. & Reinicke Vogt, A.
01.02.12 → 31.01.15
Project: DFG Projects › DFG Individual Projects