Bullöses pemphigoid

Translated title of the contribution: Bullous pemphigoid

F. Schulze*, M. Kasperkiewicz, D. Zillikens, E. Schmidt

*Corresponding author for this work
3 Citations (Scopus)


Pemphigoid diseases are a group of autoimmune disorders characterized by subepidermal blistering and autoantibodies against structural proteins of the dermal-epidermal junction. In bullous pemphigoid, the most common subepidermal blistering autoimmune disease, antibodies are directed against the hemidesmosomal antigens BP180 (collagen type XVII) and BP230. Bullous pemphigoid typically presents with severe pruritus and tense blisters accompanied by erosions and crusts in elderly patients. Diagnostic landmarks are the detection of linear IgG and/or C3 deposits at the dermo-epidermal junction by direct immunofluorescence microscopy of a perilesional biopsy and the detection of serum autoantibodies by indirect immunofluorescence microscopy on human salt-split skin and ELISA employing recombinant immunodominant fragments of BP180 and BP230. Treatment options include topical (class IV) and/or systemic corticosteroids, frequently combined with immunomodulatory agents like dapsone and tetracyclines or immunosuppressants such as methotrexate and azathioprine.

Translated title of the contributionBullous pemphigoid
Original languageGerman
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)931-945
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 01.12.2013


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