Beatmung bei Toxisch Epidermaler Nekrolyse

Translated title of the contribution: Mechanical ventilation in toxic epidermal necrolysis
1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is associated with a high mortality. The need for mechanical ventilation is associated with an increased mortality in TEN patients. This study investigates the impact of the timing of initiation of the mechanical ventilation on the survival of TEN patients. Patients, Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of 26 TEN patients was carried out. Primary (on admission (group A) and secondary ventilation (>1 day after admission (group B) were analysed for an association with mortality. Results: 8 patients did not require mechanical ventilation. 18 patients needed mechanical ventilation. In group A 8 patients with an epidermolytic body surface area (BSA) of 73±16% and a mean SCORTEN of 3.2±1.1 were analysed. In group B 10 patients with an epidermolytic BSA of 76±19% and a mean SCORTEN of 3.8±0.9 were evaluated. Statistical analysis showed an increased mortality in all mechanically ventilated compared with non-ventilated TEN patients (Odds ratio: 2.0; 95% CI: 1.26-3.17 p=0.013). Conclusions: Mechanical ventilation in TEN patients is associated with an increased mortality rate, but the timing of initiation of mechanical ventilation does not affect the patient survival rates.

Translated title of the contributionMechanical ventilation in toxic epidermal necrolysis
Original languageGerman
JournalHandchirurgie Mikrochirurgie Plastische Chirurgie
Volume43
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)125-128
Number of pages4
ISSN0722-1819
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 02.05.2011

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