Autoregulation of Th1-mediated inflammation by twist1

Uwe Niesner, Inka Albrecht, Marko Janke, Cornelia Doebis, Christoph Loddenkemper, Maria H. Lexberg, Katharina Eulenburg, Stephan Kreher, Juliana Koeck, Ria Baumgrass, Kerstin Bonhagen, Thomas Kamradt, Philipp Enghard, Jens Y. Humrich, Sascha Rutz, Ulf Schulze-Topphoff, Orhan Aktas, Sina Bartfeld, Helena Radbruch, Ahmed N. HegazyMax Löhning, Daniel C. Baumgart, Rainer Duchmann, Martin Rudwaleit, Thomas Häupl, Inna Gitelman, Veit Krenn, Joachim Gruen, Jochen Sieper, Martin Zeitz, Bertram Wiedenmann, Frauke Zipp, Alf Hamann, Michal Janitz, Alexander Scheffold, Gerd R. Burmester, Hyun D. Chang, Andreas Radbruch*

*Corresponding author for this work
69 Citations (Scopus)


The basic helix-loop-helix transcriptional repressor twist1, as an antagonist of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB)-dependent cytokine expression, is involved in the regulation of inflammation-induced immunopathology. We show that twist1 is expressed by activated T helper (Th) 1 effector memory (EM) cells. Induction of twist1 in Th cells depended on NF-κB, nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT), and interleukin (IL)-12 signaling via signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 4. Expression of twist1 was transient after T cell receptor engagement, and increased upon repeated stimulation of Th1 cells. Imprinting for enhanced twist1 expression was characteristic of repeatedly restimulated EM Th cells, and thus of the pathogenic memory Th cells characteristic of chronic inflammation. Th lymphocytes from the inflamed joint or gut tissue of patients with rheumatic diseases, Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis expressed high levels of twist1. Expression of twist1 in Th1 lymphocytes limited the expression of the cytokines interferon-γ, IL-2, and tumor necrosis factor-α, and ameliorated Th1-mediated immunopathology in delayed-type hypersensitivity and antigen-induced arthritis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1889-1901
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 04.08.2008

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)


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