Autoimmune bullous dermatoses

Maike M. Holtsche, Katharina Boch, Enno Schmidt*

*Corresponding author for this work
4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Autoimmune bullous dermatoses (AIBD) are a heterogeneous group of about a dozen diseases characterized clinically by erosions and blisters and immunopathologically by autoantibodies against structural proteins of the skin or transglutaminase 2/3. The diagnosis of AIBD has made tremendous progress in the last decade due to the availability of standardized serological assays that, knowing the clinical picture, allow the diagnosis in the vast majority of patients. The development of various in vitro and in vivo models of the most common AIBD, namely, bullous pemphigoid, pemphigus vulgaris, mucous membrane pemphigoid, and the rare epidermolysis bullosa acquisita, allows identification of key molecules and inflammatory pathways as well as preclinical evaluation of the effect of new anti-inflammatory agents. The approval of rituximab for moderate and severe pemphigus vulgaris and the development of national and international guidelines for the most common AIBD have considerably advanced the care of these patients. Nevertheless, the limited therapeutic armamentarium is the main challenge for the management of AIBD. Several phase II and III randomized controlled clinical trials provide hope for new, effective, and safe therapeutic options in the coming years. This review summarizes the epidemiology, clinic, diagnosis, pathophysiology, and therapy of AIBD and gives an outlook on both current diagnostic and therapeutic needs as well as future developments.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJDDG - Journal of the German Society of Dermatology
Volume21
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)405-412
Number of pages8
ISSN1610-0379
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 04.2023

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)
  • Centers: Center for Research on Inflammation of the Skin (CRIS)

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 204-05 Immunology
  • 205-19 Dermatology

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