Association of −604G/A and −501A/C Ghrelin and Obestatin Prepropeptide Gene Polymorphisms with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Talaat Dabbaghi Ghaleh, Somayeh Saadat Skandari, Reza Najafipour, Zahra Rashvand, Masoud Darabi, Mehdi Sahmani*

*Corresponding author for this work
6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ghrelin hormone has an important role in a wide range of metabolic and non-metabolic processes. Polymorphisms of ghrelin gene could be associated with a large number of diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of −604G/A and −501A/C polymorphisms in ghrelin and obestatin prepropeptide gene (GHRL) with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in a sample of Iranian women. One hundred and fifty-two women with PCOS and 162 age-matched apparently healthy women as control group were enrolled in this study. The study subjects were genotyped for polymorphisms in the ghrelin gene using polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism-based methods. Biochemical parameters, serum prolactin, luteinizing hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, estradiol, and testosterone were estimated by chemiluminescence assay. Serum lipids and lipoproteins were determined by standard enzymatic methods. The association between the risk of PCOS and ghrelin gene polymorphisms was examined using Multivariate analysis. The frequency of the −604G/A and −501A/C polymorphisms was not statistically different between patients and the control group of women (p = 0.12 and p = 0.21, respectively). A significantly higher level of LDL-C was found in the wild-type AA genotype compared with CC genotype of −501A/C polymorphism (p = 0.02). Our findings indicate that neither −604G/A and nor −501A/C polymorphisms of ghrelin gene are associated with PCOS, but suggest a relation between the presence of polymorphic allele of −501A/C polymorphism and LDL-C level in a sample of Iranian women.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiochemical Genetics
Volume56
Issue number1-2
Pages (from-to)116-127
Number of pages12
ISSN0006-2928
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01.04.2018

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