Neurological soft signs (NSS) are more common in schizophrenic psychoses and in genetically high-risk individuals than in healthy controls. But nothing is known so far regarding individuals with a clinical at-risk mental state (ARMS). The goals of our study therefore were (a) to compare the NSS frequency in ARMS individuals to that of first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients and (b) to test whether NSS could predict the transition to psychosis. Neurological soft signs were assessed using a shortened version of the Neurological Evaluation Scale (NES). Fifty-three ARMS individuals (16 with later transition to psychosis=ARMS-T, and 37 without transition=ARMS-NT) and 27 FEP patients were recruited through the Basel Early Detection Clinic FePsy. Of the FEP patients 37% showed NSS. We found no significant differences between FEP and ARMS-T patients or between ARMS-NT and ARMS-T. Our findings of NSS being present already before transition to psychosis to the same extent as after transition provide further support to the neurodevelopmental hypothesis of schizophrenic psychoses. Furthermore, our findings might indicate that ARMS-NT individuals also suffer from some sort of neurodevelopmental abnormalities.