In the discordant guinea pig (gp) to rat model of xenotransplantation, circulating xenoreactive natural antibodies (XNA) recognizing gp antigens are usually determined by an ELISA using membrane extracts of gp platelets. We analysed the lung-derived, fibroblast-like cell line JH 4 to detect XNA by ELISA or immunoblot, which was compared to primary gp cells, i.e. platelets, liver- and spleen cells. All membrane extracts proved to be useful to detect rat XNA directed against gp antigens by ELISA. In general, IgM responses of Lewis or C6 deficient PVG rats (PVG/C6-) were higher as compared to IgG responses. However, we observed great inter-individual variabilities. The strongest IgM response of Lewis rat sera was observed when the JH 4 cell line or gp liver cells were used as antigen. JH 4 cells also showed the strongest xenoreactivity with sera from PVG/C6- rats. These data demonstrate that JH 4 cells prove useful as antigen source for XNA ELISA. In immunoblot, individual sera of the two different rat strains showed the same antigen patterns using a gp membrane extract of one particular cell type. However, the different gp cell types showed a distinct pattern of antigen expression. Whereas the JH 4 cells, platelets and spleen cells express xenoreactive proteins of the same size, a unique pattern of proteins was detected in liver cells.
|Journal||Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 05.04.2001|