We first review theoretical results for the problem of estimating single and multiple transparent motions. For N motions we obtain a M × M generalized structure tensor JN with M = 3 for one, M = 6 for two, and M = 10 for three motions. The analysis of motion patterns is based on the ranks of JN and is thus not only conceptual but provides computable confidence measures for the different types of motions. To resolve the correspondence between the ranks of the tensors and the motion patterns, we introduce the projective plane as a new way of describing motion patterns. In the projective plane, intrinsically 2D spatial patterns (e.g. corners and line ends) that move correspond to points that represent the only admissible velocity, and ID spatial patterns (e.g. straight edges) that move correspond to lines that represent, as a set of points, the set of admissible velocities. We then show a few examples for how the projective plane can be used to generate novel motion patterns and explain the perception of these patterns. We believe that our results will be useful for designing new stimuli for visual psychophysics and neuroscience and thereby contribute to the understanding of the dynamical properties of human vision.
|Title of host publication||Human Vision and Electronic Imaging IX|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 01.12.2004|
|Event||ELECTRONIC IMAGING 2004 - San Jose, United States|
Duration: 19.01.2004 → 20.01.2004
Conference number: 63928