An immunofluorescent staining method was developed for detecting human IFN-γ-producing cells in single cell suspensions. Mononuclear leukocytes, stimulated in vitro to produce IFN-γ, were fixed and made permeable. The cytoplasmic presence of IFN-γ was visualized by indirect immunofluorescence using IFN-γ-specific mouse monoclonal antibodies. The staining was found to be specific for IFN-γ and allowed the detection of newly synthesized rather than internalized IFN-γ molecules. The cytoplasmic fluorescence appeared locally in a polar, juxtanuclear position, which overlapped the Golgi apparatus, probably reflecting the glycosylation site of the newly formed IFN-γ molecules. Two-colour staining experiments showed that the method is useful not only for the detection and enumeration but also for the phenotypic characterization of IFN-γ-producing cells.
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)