An evaluation of methods for single-trial estimation of P3 latency

Piotr Jaškowski, Rolf Verleger

31 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated the validity of procedures for estimating the P3 complex in single trials. In 'pseudo-real' simulations of the N1-P2 complex of the occipital visual-evoked potential, Mocks, Kohler, Gasser, and Pham (1988) had reported that their maximum-likelihood method (Pham, Mocks, Kohler, and Gasser, 1987) performed better than Woody's (1967) method. Using pseudo-real simulations of auditory oddball data, we wanted to know whether this finding also held true for the P3 complex. The performance of three methods was studied: peak picking, Woody's method, and Pham et al.'s method (as well as an extension of this latter method). Performance of all methods critically depended on the signal-to-noise ratio. There was some advantage for the more sophisticated methods, particularly when signal-to-noise ratios were realistic. 'Good' trials may be selected by all methods, to improve the signal-to-noise ratio, but this selection entails the risk of bias. Further research should investigate whether these conclusions also hold true when the P3 complex consists of more than one component.

Original languageEnglish
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)153-162
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 01.01.2000

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)


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