Altered perception-action binding modulates inhibitory control in Gilles de la Tourette syndrome

Vanessa Petruo, Benjamin Bodmer, Valerie C. Brandt, Leoni Baumung, Veit Roessner, Alexander Münchau, Christian Beste


Background Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome (GTS) is a multifaceted neuropsychiatric developmental disorder with onset in childhood or adolescence and frequent remissions in early adulthood. A rather new emerging concept of this syndrome suggests that it is a disorder of purposeful actions, in which sensory processes and their relation to motor responses (actions) play a particularly important role. Thus, this syndrome might be conceived as a condition of altered ‘perception-action binding’. In the current study, we test this novel concept in the context of inhibitory control. Methods We examined N = 35 adolescent GTS patients and N = 39 healthy controls in a Go/Nogo-task manipulating the complexity of sensory information triggering identical actions; i.e. to inhibit a motor response. This was combined with event-related potential recordings, EEG data decomposition and source localization. Results GTS patients showed worse performance compared to controls and larger performance differences when inhibitory control had to be exerted using unimodal visual compared to bimodal auditory-visual stimuli. This suggests increased binding between bimodal stimuli and responses leading to increased costs of switching between responses instructed by bimodal and those instructed by unimodal stimuli. The neurophysiological data showed that this was related to mechanisms mediating between stimulus evaluation and response selection; i.e. perception-action binding processes in the right inferior parietal cortex (BA40). Conclusions Stimulus-action inhibition binding is stronger in GTS patients than healthy controls and affects inhibitory control corroborating the concept suggesting that GTS might be a condition of altered perception-action integration (binding); i.e. a disorder of purposeful actions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Issue number0
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 20.06.2018

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)


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