Algorithms for optoacoustically controlled selective retina therapy (SRT)

Eric Seifert*, Jan Tode, Amelie Pielen, Dirk Theisen-Kunde, Carsten Framme, Johann Roider, Yoko Miura, Reginald Birngruber, Ralf Brinkmann

*Corresponding author for this work


Objectives: Selective Retina Therapy (SRT) uses microbubble formation (MBF) to target retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells selectively while sparing the neural retina and the choroid. Intra- and inter-individual variations of RPE pigmentation makes frequent radiant exposure adaption necessary. Since selective RPE cell disintegration is ophthalmoscopically non-visible, MBF detection techniques are useful to control adequate radiant exposures. It was the purpose of this study to evaluate optoacoustically based MBF detection algorithms. Methods: Fifteen patients suffering from central serous chorioretinopathy and diabetic macula edema were treated with a SRT laser using a wavelength of 527 nm, a pulse duration of 1.7 µs and a pulse energy ramp (15 pulses, 100 Hz repetition rate). An ultrasonic transducer for MBF detection was embedded in a contact lens. RPE damage was verified with fluorescence angiography. Results: An algorithm to detect MBF as an indicator for RPE cell damage was evaluated. Overall, 4646 irradiations were used for algorithm optimization and testing. The tested algorithms were superior to a baseline model. A sensitivity/specificity pair of 0.96/1 was achieved. The few false algorithmic decisions were caused by unevaluable signals. Conclusions: The algorithm can be used for guidance or automatization of microbubble related treatments like SRT or selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT).

Original languageEnglish
Article number100316
Publication statusPublished - 10.11.2021


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