Acute Microcirculatory Effects of Remote Ischemic Conditioning in Superficial Partial Thickness Burn Wounds

Julia Lucius*, Jan Oluf Jensen, Raphael R. Tasar, Sophie Schleusser, Felix H. Stang, Peter Mailänder, Tobias Kisch

*Corresponding author for this work

Abstract

Microcirculation is a critical factor in burn wound healing. Remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) has been shown to improve microcirculation in healthy skin and demonstrated ischemic protective effects on heart, kidney, and liver cells. Therefore, we examined microcirculatory effects of RIC in partial thickness burn wounds. The hypothesis of this study is that RIC improves cutaneous microcirculation in partial thickness burn wounds. Twenty patients with partial thickness burn wounds within 48 hours after trauma were included in this study. RIC was performed with an upper arm blood pressure cuff on a healthy upper arm using three ischemia cycles (5 min inflation to 200 mm Hg) followed by 10-minute reperfusion phases. The third and final reperfusion phase lasted 20 minutes. Microcirculation of the remote (lower/upper extremities or torso) burn wound was continuously quantified, using a combined Laser Doppler and white light spectrometry. The capillary blood flow in the burn wounds increased by a maximum of 9.6% after RIC (percentage change from baseline; P < .01). Relative hemoglobin was increased by a maximum of 2.8% (vs. baseline; P < .01), while cutaneous tissue oxygen saturation remained constant (P > .05). RIC improves microcirculation in partial thickness burn wounds by improving blood flow and elevating relative hemoglobin.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Burn Care and Research
Volume44
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)912-917
Number of pages6
ISSN1559-047X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01.07.2023

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 205-27 Orthopaedics, Trauma Surgery and Reconstructive Surgery

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