Type VII collagen is the major constituent of anchoring fibrils. It has a central collagenous domain that is surrounded by a small C-terminal non-collagenous domain (NC2) and a large N-terminal non-collagenous (NC1) domain. Mutations in type VII collagen can lead to hereditary skin blistering disease dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB). Most of the pathogenic missense mutations are within the collagenous domain. NC1 domain mediates interactions with other extracellular matrix molecules and only very few missense mutations within NC1 causing DEB have been reported. Interestingly, fibronectin III like (FNIII) domain 8 in the human protein can harbour different mutations at position 886 with one (R886P) leading to recessive DEB, whereas the others do not. We characterized subdomains of murine NC1, the FNIII domains 7–8, and the individual domains FNIII7 and FNIII8 by NMR- and CD-spectroscopy. We analysed the influence on stability for a mutation causing DEB and a non-pathogenic mutation. Whereas the silent mutation behaves as the wild type, the pathogenic mutation leads to a dramatic decrease in thermal stability of the FNIII8 domain. The melting temperature lowered from 77 °C to 40 °C compared to the wild type protein. This renders the domain susceptible to protease cleavage which could be shown by degradation tests with cathepsin G, cathepsin K, and MMP9. Our data show partial unfolding of type VII collagen due to the mutation causes an increased degradation. This could lead to skin blistering and opens new concomitant treatment options in some types of type VII collagen related skin blistering diseases.
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 01.01.2017|