This systematic review investigated the effects of deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus on extent and time course of body mass changes in patients with Parkinson's disease. A computerized search identified relevant articles using a priori defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. A descriptive analysis was calculated for the main outcome parameters body mass and BMI. Thirty-eight out of 206 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria (979 patients aged 59.0±7.5 years). Considering the longest follow-up time for each study, body mass and BMI showed a mean increase across studies of +5.71kg (p <.0001; d = 0.64) and +1.8kg/m2 (p <.0001; d = 1.61). The time course of body mass gain revealed a continuous increase ranging from +3.25kg (d = 0.69) at 3 months, +3.88kg (d = 0.21) at 6 months, +6.35kg (d = 0.72) at 12 months, and +6.11kg (d = 1.02) greater than 12 months. Changes in BMI were associated with changes in disease severity (r = 0.502, p =.010) and pharmacological treatment (r = 0.440, p =.0231). Data suggest that body mass gain is one of the most common side effects of deep brain stimulation going beyond normalization of preoperative weight loss. Considering the negative health implications of overweight, we recommend the development of tailored therapies to prevent overweight and associated metabolic disorders following this treatment.
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)