A simple preoperative stratification tool predicting the risk of postoperative pancreatic fistula after pancreatoduodenectomy

Hryhoriy Lapshyn, Natalie Petruch, Michael Thomaschewski, Stefan Sondermann, Katharina May, Laura Frohneberg, Ekaterina Petrova, Sergii Zemskov, Kim C. Honselmann, Rüdiger Braun, Tobias Keck*, Ulrich F. Wellner, Louisa Bolm

*Corresponding author for this work


Background: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) can be associated with severe postoperative morbidity. This study aims to develop a preoperative POPF risk calculator that can be easily implemented in clinical routine. Methods: Patients undergoing PD were identified from a prospectively-maintained database. A total of 11 preoperative baseline and CT-based radiological parameters were used in a binominal logistic regression model. Parameters remaining predictive for grade B/C POPF were entered into the risk calculator and diagnostic accuracy measures and ROC curves were calculated for a training and a test patient cohort. The risk calculator was transformed into a simple nomogram. Results: A total of 242 patients undergoing PD in the period from 2012 to 2018 were included. CT-imaging-based maximum main pancreatic duct (MPD) diameter (p = 0.047), CT-imaging-based pancreatic gland diameter at the anticipated resection margin (p = 0.002) and gender (p = 0.058) were the parameters most predictive for grade B/C POPF. Based on these parameters, a risk calculator was developed to identify patients at high risk of developing grade B/C POPF. In a training cohort of PD patients this risk calculator was associated with an AUC of 0.808 (95%CI 0.726–0.874) and an AUC of 0.756 (95%CI 0.669-0-830) in the independent test cohort. A nomogram applicable as a visual risk scale for quick assessment of POPF grade B/C risk was developed. Conclusion: The preoperative POPF risk calculator provides a simple tool to stratify patients planned for PD according to the risk of developing postoperative grade B/C POPF. The nomogram visual risk scale can be easily integrated into clinical routine and may be a valuable model to select patients for POPF-preventive therapy or as a stratification tool for clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)957-964
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 08.2021


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