Few data exist about the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) and the Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI) from population samples. The goal was to prove to what degree (1) a reduced item solution of the FTND and (2) the HSI represent the FTND. Two randomized adult population samples were used from northern Germany. Sample 1 included 1462 and sample 2 included 1042 current daily cigarette smokers aged 20-64 years with FTND data. The results show that four items of the FTND as well as the HSI represent the FTND. It is concluded that both are valid measures of the urge to smoke and the tobacco-smoke-seeking behavior.
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)