A Phase IIIb, Multicentre, Interventional, Randomised, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial Investigating the Efficacy and Safety of Guselkumab for the Treatment of Nonpustular Palmoplantar Psoriasis (G-PLUS)

Thierry Passeron*, Jose Manuel Carrascosa, Richard B. Warren, Andreas Pinter, Marco Romanelli, Patricia Gorecki, Michela Efficace, Steve Fakharzadeh, Ya Wen Yang, Ahlem Azzabi, Maria Jazra, Katya Lemos, Monica Leung, Yanqing Chen, Diamant Thaçi

*Corresponding author for this work

Abstract

Introduction. Despite the availability of effective biologic therapies for psoriasis, there is no gold-standard treatment for nonpustular palmoplantar psoriasis (ppPsO). Methods. G-PLUS, a phase IIIb, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre clinical trial, randomised adults with moderate-to-severe nonpustular ppPsO and limited plaque psoriasis (Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) ≥3 but <10) to guselkumab (an interleukin-23p19 blocker) or placebo. Placebo participants were crossed over to receive guselkumab at week (Wk) 16. The primary efficacy endpoint was the proportion of participants achieving palmoplantar PASI (ppPASI) 75 response at Wk16; clinical, biomarker, and quality-of-life endpoints were assessed through Wk48 and safety through Wk56. Results. At Wk16, ppPASI75 response was achieved by 35.9% of the guselkumab participants compared with 28.2% in the placebo group, resulting in a 7.7% difference in response rates (95% confidence interval: -11.5 and 24.7), which was not statistically significant (p=0.533). More pronounced numerical improvements favouring guselkumab were observed for more stringent efficacy endpoints, such as Wk16 palmoplantar Investigator's Global Assessment (ppIGA) 0/1 response (guselkumab 34.6% vs. placebo 15.4%). Through Wk48, further improvements were observed in ppPASI75 response (55.1% and 64.1%) and ppIGA 0/1 response (42.3% and 48.7%) for the guselkumab and placebo-crossover groups, respectively. Dermatology Life Quality Index responses showed comparable trends at both timepoints. Safety and pharmacodynamic findings were consistent with the established profile for guselkumab. Serum biomarker levels were significantly reduced with guselkumab and correlated with the baseline PASI score but not the ppPASI score. Conclusion. Although the primary endpoint was not met, analysis of stringent secondary endpoints and post hoc analyses showed numerical improvements favouring guselkumab at Wk16. There were no new safety signals. Further studies are warranted to better understand the impact of guselkumab treatment in patients with ppPsO. This trial is registered with NCT03998683.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9967747
JournalDermatologic Therapy
Volume2023
ISSN1396-0296
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)
  • Centers: Center for Research on Inflammation of the Skin (CRIS)

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 205-19 Dermatology

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