Introduction: Intraoperative assessment of stone size is crucial for the successful and safe extraction of stones. The first automatically fixating measuring stone basket prototype showed a mismatch between the steel spring and the nitinol basket; therefore, to improve this prototype, the steel spring was replaced with a nitinol spring and a modified scale was implemented on the basket handle for accurate intraoperative stone size measurement. Methods: The proposed tipped basket was composed of nitinol. A standard handle with a spring-supported self-closing mechanism (2.5 F, Urotech®) was used, and a modified nonlinear millimeter scale was established on the handle. The grasping force was provided by the new nitinol spring mechanism in the handgrip. Various colors associated with the stone size were applied on the scale. Results: The material difference between the basket and the spring was eliminated. The measuring scale ranged from 2 mm (green) through 5 mm (yellow) to 8 mm (red), and the scale was nonlinear because of the nonlinear relationship between the diameter of the stone and the distance marked on the scale. Conclusion: The proposed automatically fixating stone basket with a nitinol spring has the potential to improve the safety and effectiveness of endourological stone retrieval. Further validation of this new scale and basket should follow.
Research Areas and Centers
- Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)