A method to determine suitable fluoroscopic projections for transcatheter aortic valve implantation by computed tomography

Martin Arnold, Stephan Achenbach, Ina Pfeiffer, Stephan Ensminger, Mohamed Marwan, Friedrich Einhaus, Tobias Pflederer, Dieter Ropers, Annika Schuhbaeck, Katharina Anders, Michael Lell, Michael Uder, Josef Ludwig, Michael Weyand, Werner G. Daniel, Richard Feyrer

37 Citations (Scopus)


Background: In transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), optimal selection of fluoroscopic projections that permit orthogonal visualization of the aortic valve plane is important but may be difficult to achieve. Objective: We developed and validated a simple method to predict suitable fluoroscopic projections on the basis of cardiac CT datasets. Methods: In 75 consecutive patients that underwent TAVI, angulations in which a 35-mm thick maximum intensity projection would render all aortic valve calcium into 1 plane were determined by manual interaction with contrast-enhanced dual-source CT datasets. TAVI operators used the predicted angulation for the first aortic angiogram and performed additional aortic angiograms if no satisfactory view of the aortic valve plane was obtained. Predicted angulations were compared with the angulation used for valve implantation. Radiation exposure and contrast use was compared between patients with accurate prediction of fluoroscopic angulations by CT and patients in whom CT failed to predict a suitable view. Results: The mean difference between the predicted angulation according to CT and the angulation used for implantation was 3 ± 6 degrees. CT predicted a suitable angulation (<5-degree deviation) in 63 of 75 cases (84%). The mean number of aortic angiograms acquired in patients with correct prediction (1.02 ± 0.1) was significantly lower than in patients with incorrect prediction of the implantation angle by CT (3.0 ± 1.7; P < 0.001). Contrast agent required for the entire TAVI procedure was lower in patients with correct prediction (72 ± 36 mL vs 106 ± 39 mL; P = 0.001). Conclusion: CT permits prediction of suitable angulations for TAVI in most cases.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)422-428
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 11.2012


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