A liquid fluorescence dosimeter for proton dosimetry

Roger Nadrowitz*, Adolf Coray, Terence Boehringer, Jürgen Dunst, Dirk Rades

*Corresponding author for this work
6 Citations (Scopus)


The pyromellitic acid (benzene-1,2,4,5-tetracrboxylic acid) dosimeter is a liquid, nearly tissue equivalent detector (the density of the solution is 1.00056 g cm 3). This acid fluoresces after exposure to proton radiation, if excited with light. The detector was exposed to proton doses of 1.010.0 Gy (energies: 138 and 160 MeV). The correlation between fluorescence intensity and delivered energy dose is one to one and linear, whereby the deviation from the linear behavior for all measured values is less than 1%. Variations of the dose rate between 2.4 and 6.0 Gy s 1had no influence on the correlation between dose and fluorescence. The quenching of the pyromellitic acid detector amounts to about 22% for 138 MeV protons in the Bragg peak. For the period of 126 days after exposure, an increase in fluorescence intensity of the exposed solutions (5.0 Gy) was noticed, which corresponds to a daily data drift averaging 0.91% if the solution is stored in the dark at 4 °C. Non-exposed solutions showed no change of the control value.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)1325-1333
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 07.03.2012


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