Introduction: Next-generation sequencing in cases of hereditary neuromuscular disorders often yields multiple candidate gene variants. Here, we describe a case with mutations in two genes, lamin A/C (LMNA) and exostosin glycosyltransferase 2 (EXT2), which led to hereditary myopathy combined with multiple exostoses. Case history: A 51-year-old German woman with a history of removal of multiple exostoses during childhood presented with proximal limbgirdle muscular dystrophy and a newly diagnosed cardiomyopathy with atrioventricular conduction block. Because her younger son had exostoses and her younger brother had died at age 44 after heart transplantation due to dilated cardiomyopathy, an autosomal dominant inheritance was suspected. Results: Muscle biopsy revealed features of chronic myopathy associated with focal myofibrillar disintegration. Electron microscopy showed myonuclear, myofibrillar, and Z-disc alterations, accumulations of granulofilamentous material, and a large sporadic osmiophilic inclusion body reminiscent of a nemaline body. Mendeliome and Sanger sequencing detected both a c.1129C T LMNA mutation of known pathogenicity and a c.1101-1102delAG (E368Kfs*18) truncating EXT2 mutation in the patient and her affected son. Discussion: The clinical, genetic, and muscle biopsy findings suggest that both mutations are pathogenic. The EXT2 mutation was most likely responsible for the multiple exostoses phenotype in mother and son, whereas the myopathy was probably caused by a combined effect of the LMNA and EXT2 mutations.
Research Areas and Centers
- Centers: Center for Neuromuscular Diseases