A case of destructive Wegener's granulomatosis complicated by cytomegalovirus infection

Peer M. Aries*, Sebastian Ullrich, Wolfgang L. Gross

*Corresponding author for this work
12 Citations (Scopus)


Background: A 63-year-old man with a 4-year history of Wegener's granulomatosis presented with hemoptysis, palatal ulceration and sensorimotor polyneuropathy. Investigations: Physical examination, serologic testing, proteinase 3 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, IgG and IgM specific to Epstein-Barr virus enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, MRI of the middle face, an ear, nose and throat consultation, immunohistochemical staining of an esophageal sample obtained from esophagogastroduodenoscopy, polymerase chain reaction of cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA from esophageal and blood samples, and measurement of pp65 early antigen. Diagnosis: Wegener's granulomatosis with progressive palatal ulceration and osseous destruction complicated by CMV-related esophagitis during induction treatment. Management: Induction treatment with cyclophosphamide pulse therapy was discontinued and antiviral therapy with ganciclovir was started. Cyclophosphamide pulse therapy was later reintroduced, but there was subsequent CMV reactivation, and, therefore, cyclophosphamide pulse therapy was suspended again and ganciclovir and intravenous immunoglobulin were started. After control of CMV, cyclophosphamide pulse therapy was reinitiated. Prolonged immunosuppressive therapy controlled disease activity, without CMV reactivation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNature Clinical Practice Rheumatology
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)511-515
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 09.2006

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)


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