Nonlinear mass-preserving registration for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET)

Project: DFG ProjectsDFG Individual Projects

Project Details

Description

Image registration is an important task in medical imaging. The problem is to automatically establish point-to-point correspondences between objects sensed at different times, with different devices, or from different perspectives. Image registration is essential for applications such as motion correction or data fusion. As image registration is an ill-posed inverse problem, proper modeling and additional constraints on the wanted transformation field become inevitable. Mass-preservation (MP) is one of those constraints that proved to be crucial for the correction of image distortions due to field inhomogeneities in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and the respiratory and cardiac motion correction in thoracic Positron Emission Tomography (PET). A wide utilization of MP techniques in those medical applications requires, however, the solution of challenging mathematical questions to be addressed in this project. Existing MP techniques will hence be optimized with respect to numerical efficiency and implementation. Problem specific data fidelities will yield an improved robustness against noise and even simplifications of the algorithms. A key component yielding existence of solutions in MP setting is a regularization energy based on nonlinear elasticity. This outstanding regularizer and its numerical discretization will hence be further investigated in this project. A deep mathematical understanding of the developed models will be gained by using regularization theory for inverse problems.

Key findings


Statusfinished
Effective start/end date01.04.1231.03.15

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 9 - Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Biomedical Engineering

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 312-01 Mathematics

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