CRU 303: Pemphigoid Diseases - Molecular Pathways and their Therapeutic Potential

Project: DFG ProjectsDFG Joint Research: Research Units/ Clinical Research Units

Project Details

Description

Pemphigoid diseases (PD) are a group of severe, closely related, chronic, autoantibody (AAb)-induced, subepidermal blistering skin diseases caused by an immune response directed to defined autoantigens serving as adhesion molecules within in the hemidesmosomal anchoring complex at the dermal-epithelial junction (DEJ) of squamous epithelia, including the skin. In the effector phase of this immune response, inflammatory cells are recruited into the dermis and release mediators, including proteases, compromising dermal-epidermal adhesion. Consequently, skin blisters and erosions develop.PDs mainly affect elderly and are associated with a high mortality. With their incidence rising, they constitute a growing health concern. Treatment options are limited and often elicit severe adverse effects. Development of novel therapeutic strategies takes sound understanding of PD pathogenesis. The molecular mechanisms driving PDs, however, are only incompletely understood. The mere presence of AAbs alone, although a prerequisite for skin inflammation, is not sufficient to initiate the effector phase. A pivotal question therefore is how immune effector cell recruitment into the dermis is initiated, amplified, and finally perpetuated. Effectively and specifically blunting effector cell recruitment in a therapeutic effort is presumably key to control PD. The Department of Dermatology at the University of Lübeck is one of few academic centers worldwide specialized in both research and treatment of PDs. We have developed unique mouse models of PDs and have established a significant PD patient cohort. This has allowed us to shed some light on the pathogenesis of PDs, which has turned out to be more complex than previously anticipated. Recently, we have made new exciting discoveries, specifically on the effector phase of PDs, now kindling this Clinical Research Unit (CRU) proposal. Our goal is to uncover the factors triggering and driving skin inflammation and to provide a comprehensive model for the effector phase of PDs. We will particularly elucidate the mechanisms initiating, amplifying, and perpetuating effector cell recruitment, and we will translate these new insights into novel therapeutics, preventive strategies, and biomarkers. In this context, PDs will serve as paradigm for the elucidation of the effector phase of AAb-driven autoimmune diseases in general. Unlike in PDs, the autoantigens in the majority of autoimmune diseases are unknown, thus complicating the elucidation of the effector phase of most autoimmune diseases, especially its early stage when tissue inflammation is just emerging.By this CRU, we will establish a permanent translational research unit at the University of Lübeck and will train particularly physician scientists. The CRU will further strengthen the major research focus "Infection and Inflammation" of the University of Lübeck.
Statusfinished
Effective start/end date01.04.1531.12.23

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-being

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)
  • Centers: Center for Research on Inflammation of the Skin (CRIS)

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 204-05 Immunology
  • 205-19 Dermatology

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