Abstract

Background: The Asthma Severity Scoring System (ASSESS) quantifies asthma severity in adolescents and adults. Scale performance in children younger than 12 years is unknown. Objective: To validate the ASSESS score in the All Age Asthma Cohort and explore its use in children younger than 12 years. Methods: Scale properties, responsiveness, and known-group validity were assessed in 247 children (median age, 11 years; interquartile range, 8-13 years) and 206 adults (median age, 52 years; interquartile range, 43-63 years). Results: Overall, measures of internal test consistency and test-retest reliability were similar to the original data of the Severe Asthma Research Program. Cronbach α was 0.59 in children aged 12 to 18 years and 0.73 in adults, reflecting the inclusion of multiple and not-always congruent dimensions to the ASSESS score, especially in children. Analysis of known-group validity confirmed the discriminatory power, because the ASSESS score was significantly worse in patients with poor asthma control, exacerbations, and increased salbutamol use. In children aged 6 to 11 years, test-retest reliability was inferior compared with that in adults and adolescents (Cronbach α, 0.27) mostly because of a less lung function impairment in children with asthma of this age group. Known-group validity, however, confirmed good discriminative power regarding severity-associated variables similar to adolescents and adults. Conclusions: Test-retest reliability and validity of the ASSESS score was confirmed in the All Age Asthma Cohort. In children aged 6 to 11 years, internal consistency was inferior compared with that in older patients with asthma; however, test validity was good and thus encourages age-spanning usage of the ASSESS score in all patients 6 years or older.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Jahrgang151
Ausgabenummer6
Seiten (von - bis)1525-1535.e4
ISSN0091-6749
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 06.2023

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Forschungsschwerpunkt: Infektion und Entzündung - Zentrum für Infektions- und Entzündungsforschung Lübeck (ZIEL)

DFG-Fachsystematik

  • 205-20 Kinder- und Jugendmedizin
  • 205-13 Pneumologie, Thoraxchirurgie

Zitieren