Tourette Syndrom und andere Tic-Störungen im DSM-5: Ein Kommentar

Veit Roessner, Andrea G. Ludolph, Kirsten Müller-Vahl, Irene Neuner, Aribert Rothenberger, Katrin Woitecki, Alexander Münchau

3 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

The classification of tic disorders has been revised in the new fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). The previously expressed suggestion to categorize tic disorders within the "Anxiety and Obsessive Compulsive Disorders" was not implemented. The section "Disorders Usually First Diagnosed in Infancy, Childhood, or Adolescence" was revised and renamed as "Neurodevelopmental Disorders." Tic disorders are classified there as movement disorders. Most of the changes are distinct improvements from both a clinical and a scientific perspective. For example, by removing the adjective "stereotype," the definition of tics is more precise and unified. Also, the new time-oriented criteria are more practical in the clinical setting, e.g., the exclusion criterion of a tic-free interval more than 3 months given for chronic tic disorders has been deleted. The renamings from "Transient" to "Provisional Tic Disorder" as well as from "Chronic" to "Persistent Tic Disorder" are welcome changes from a clinical perspective. Overall, the revision of the criteria is an important step towards providing more clarity and feasibility. However, the revised classification of tic disorders is still based only on clinical experience and not on evidence. Future studies should show whether the revised and improved criteria truly provide the optimal classification.

Titel in ÜbersetzungTourette syndrom and other tic disorders in DSM-5 - A comment
OriginalspracheDeutsch
ZeitschriftZeitschrift fur Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
Jahrgang42
Ausgabenummer2
Seiten (von - bis)129-134
Seitenumfang6
ISSN1422-4917
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.01.2014

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