Aims Non-compaction cardiomyopathy (NCCM) is associated with high rates of mortality and morbidity. Knowledge regarding risk stratification, arrhythmogenesis, therapy, and prognosis is limited. The aim of this study was to analyse the outcome of patients suffering from NCCM and ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) focusing on a treatment with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy and catheter ablation. Methods and results We conducted a multicentre observational study on 18 patients with NCCM, who underwent ICD implantation for secondary (n = 12) and primary (n = 6) prevention. In patients with multiple symptomatic episodes of VAs catheter ablation was performed. During a follow-up of 62 ± 42 months, 12 patients (67%) presented with appropriate ICD therapies [ventricular tachycardia (VT): n = 8; ventricular fibrillation (VF): n = 4; VT/VF: n = 3]. Ten patients underwent catheter ablation for VT/VF. Solely endocardial ablation was conducted in eight patients, and in two patients endo- and epicardial ablation was performed within the same procedure. Acute procedural success was achieved in 9/10 patients. Ventricular tachycardia recurrence was observed in two patients and the median arrhythmia free interval was 9.5 months (interquartile range 5.3-21 months). One patient underwent reablation, four patients died due to the underlying NCCM, and one patient received a left ventricular assist device. Conclusion Ventricular arrhythmias are common in patients suffering from NCCM and ICD therapy may be effective for primary and secondary prevention. In our cohort, consisting of patients with multiple VA episodes and recurrent ICD therapy, catheter ablation offered a safe and effective therapeutically option.