The significance of pigment epithelial detachment in central serous chorioretinopathy

Argyrios Chronopoulos*, Vinodh Kakkassery, Marc Andre Strobel, Luise Fornoff, Lars Olof Hattenbach

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the significance of the presence and form of pigment epithelial detachment in the course of central serous chorioretinopathy as well as corticosteroid use as a risk in our patient cohort. Material and methods: Retrospective, single center study of central serous chorioretinopathy patients between January 2013 and January 2019 recording corticosteroid use prior to onset and presence and type of pigment epithelial detachment (flat-irregular, dome-shaped, none) in relationship to disease course. Results: We analyzed 53 eyes of 53 consecutive central serous chorioretinopathy patients treated in our department. Mean patient age was 53 ± 13 years. A flat-irregular pigment epithelial detachment was associated with either chronic or recurrent central serous chorioretinopathy, whereas the absence of a pigment epithelial detachment correlated positively with acute central serous chorioretinopathy (chi-square test, p < 0.05). Of the 53 patients, 10 reported corticosteroid use, 40 denied steroid use, and 3 patients failed to make a clear statement. Corticosteroid use was not correlated with the onset of central serous chorioretinopathy (Student’s t-test, p = 0.0001, chi-square test, p < 0.005). Conclusion: A small, flat-irregular pigment epithelial detachment could be a marker for chronic or recurrent central serous chorioretinopathy, whereas the absence of pigment epithelial detachment could favor acute central serous chorioretinopathy. Advanced imaging studies may provide more information on the exact characteristics and nature of pigment epithelial detachments. Corticosteroid use as possible disease trigger was not confirmed in this study.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftEuropean Journal of Ophthalmology
ISSN1120-6721
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2020

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  • Profilbereich: Lübeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)

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