The large form of ADAR 1 is responsible for enhanced hepatitis delta virus RNA editing in interferon-α-stimulated host cells

D. Hartwig*, C. Schütte, J. Warnecke, I. Dorn, H. Hennig, H. Kirchner, P. Schlenke

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
33 Zitate (Scopus)


Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) RNA editing controls the formation of hepatitis-delta-antigen-S and -L and therefore indirectly regulates HDV replication. Editing is thought to be catalysed by the adenosine deaminase acting on RNA1 (ADAR1) of which two different forms exist, interferon (IFN)-α-inducible ADAR1-L and constitutively expressed ADAR1-S. ADAR1-L is hypothesized to be a part of the innate cellular immune system, responsible for deaminating adenosines in viral dsRNAs. We examined the influence of both forms on HDV RNA editing in IFN-α-stimulated and unstimulated hepatoma cells. For gene silencing, an antisense oligodeoxyribonucleotide against a common sequence of both forms of ADAR1 and another one specific for ADAR1-L alone were used. IFN-α treatment of host cells led to approximately twofold increase of RNA editing compared with unstimulated controls. If ADAR1-L expression was inhibited, this substantial increase in editing could no longer be observed. In unstimulated cells, ADAR1-L suppression had only minor effects on editing. Inhibition of both forms of ADAR1 simultaneously led to a substantial decrease of edited RNA independently of IFN-α-stimulation. In conclusion, the two forms of ADAR1 are responsible almost alone for HDV editing. In unstimulated cells, ADAR1-S is the main editing activity. The increase of edited RNA under IFN-α-stimulation is because of induction of ADAR1-L, showing for the first time that this IFN-inducible protein is involved in the base modification of replicating HDV RNA. Thus, induction of ADAR1-L may at least partially cause the antiviral effect of IFN-α in natural immune response to HDV as well as in case of therapeutic administration of IFN.

ZeitschriftJournal of Viral Hepatitis
Seiten (von - bis)150-157
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 03.2006


Untersuchen Sie die Forschungsthemen von „The large form of ADAR 1 is responsible for enhanced hepatitis delta virus RNA editing in interferon-α-stimulated host cells“. Zusammen bilden sie einen einzigartigen Fingerprint.