The Association of Bullous Pemphigoid With Atopic Dermatitis and Allergic Rhinitis-A Population-Based Study

Khalaf Kridin, Christoph M Hammers, Ralf J Ludwig, Erez Onn, Yochai Schonmann, Abed Abu-Elhija, Dana Tzur Bitan, Enno Schmidt, Orly Weinstein, Arnon D Cohen


BACKGROUND: Although bullous pemphigoid (BP), atopic dermatitis (AD), and allergic rhinitis (AR) are associated with shared pathogenic mechanisms the epidemiological relationship between these conditions remains to be investigated.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the bidirectional association of BP with AD and AR.

METHODS: A population-based retrospective cohort study was performed comparing BP patients (n = 3924) with age-, sex-, and ethnicity-matched control subjects (n = 19,280), with respect to incident cases of AD and AR. A case-control design was additionally adopted to assess the odds of BP in individuals with a preexisting diagnosis of AD and AR.

RESULTS: The odds of BP was increased after a preexisting diagnosis of AD (fully adjusted odds ratio, 1.76; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.44-2.15; P < 0.001) and AR (fully adjusted odds ratio, 1.13; 95% CI, 1.01-1.28; P = 0.047). Patients with BP were at an increased risk of subsequent AD (fully adjusted hazard ratio, 2.00; 95% CI, 1.60-2.51; P < 0.001) but not AR (fully adjusted hazard ratio, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.83-1.20; P = 0.997). Compared with other patients with BP, those with BP and comorbid AD and AR were more frequently managed by adjuvant drugs and long-term systemic and topical corticosteroids and had decreased all-cause mortality.

CONCLUSIONS: A history of AD and AR confers susceptibility to the development of BP. Awareness of this association may be of help for physicians managing patients with these diseases.

ZeitschriftDermatitis : contact, atopic, occupational, drug
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 07.2022

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Forschungsschwerpunkt: Infektion und Entzündung - Zentrum für Infektions- und Entzündungsforschung Lübeck (ZIEL)
  • Zentren: Center for Research on Inflammation of the Skin (CRIS)


  • 204-05 Immunologie
  • 205-19 Dermatologie


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