Here we give an overview over treatment recommendations propagated by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR), EULAR Scleroderma Trials and Research Group, the German Network for Systemic Sclerosis, the European Respiratory Society, and the International Society of Heart and Lung Transplantation. As response to immunosuppressant (IS) therapy is usually weaker in systematic sclerosis (SSc) compared to other connective tissue disorders IS should be considered with caution. To prevent scleroderma renal crisis steroid doses should not exceed 15 mg/d. The definitive role of a number of new immunosuppressant drugs and the effects of autologous stem cell transplantation in systemic clerosis (SSc) have to be elucidated. Prostanoids, especially iloprost, are widely used as intravenous formulas for the treatment of severe Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) and digital ulcers (DU). Calcium antagonists are of limited therapeutic value. Bosentan, an oral endothelin receptor antagonists (ETRA), was shown to prevent new DU, but failed to heal existing DU, while the oral phopshodiesterase inhibitor (PDI) Sildenafil reduces the occurrence of RP and might be effective in ulcer healing. Combination therapies of PDI with ETRA are currently evaluated. Therapy of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is usually started as oral monotherapy, frequently using an ETRA. When this first-line therapy is not tolerated ETRA is substituted by PDI. If treatment goals are not reached with monotherapy combinationtherapy is started, for example by adding a PDI to an existing ETRA. In general, treatment of PAH in patients with connective tissue disease follows the same algorithms as in idiopathic PAH.
Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren
- Forschungsschwerpunkt: Infektion und Entzündung - Zentrum für Infektions- und Entzündungsforschung Lübeck (ZIEL)