Systematic Analysis of Functional and Structural Changes After Coronary Microembolization: A Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study

Frank Breuckmann*, Kai Nassenstein, Christina Bucher, Ina Konietzka, Gernot Kaiser, Thomas Konorza, Christoph Naber, Andreas Skyschally, Petra Gres, Gerd Heusch, Raimund Erbel, Jörg Barkhausen

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
40 Zitate (Scopus)


Objectives: Our study aimed to detect the morphological und functional effects of coronary microembolization (ME) in vivo by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging in an established experimental animal model. Background: Post-mortem morphological alterations of coronary ME include perifocal inflammatory edema and focal microinfarcts. Clinically, the detection of ME after successful coronary interventions identifies a population with a worse long-term prognosis. Methods: In 18 minipigs, ME was performed by intracoronary infusion of microspheres followed by repetitive in vivo imaging on a 1.5-T MR system from 30 min to 8 h after ME. Additionally, corresponding ex vivo CMR imaging and histomorphology were performed. Results: Cine CMR imaging demonstrated a time-dependent increase of wall motion abnormalities from 9 of 18 animals after 30 min to all animals after 8 h (0.5 h, 50%; 2 h, 78%; 4 h, 75%; 8 h, 100%). Whereas T2 images were negative 30 min after ME, 4 of 18 animals showed myocardial edema at follow-up (0.5 h, 0%; 2 h, 6%; 4 h, 25%; 8 h, 17%). In vivo late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) was observed in none of the animals after 30 min, but in 33%, 50%, and 83% of animals at 2 h, 4 h, and 8 h, respectively, after ME. Ex vivo CMR imaging showed patchy areas of LGE in all but 1 animal (2 h, 83%; 4 h, 100%; 8 h, 100%). A significant correlation was seen between the maximum troponin I level and LGE in vivo (r = 0.63) and the spatial extent of ex vivo LGE (r = 0.76). Conclusions: Our results show that in vivo contrast-enhanced CMR imaging allows us to detect functional and structural myocardial changes after ME with a high sensitivity. Ex vivo, the pattern of LGE of high-resolution, contrast-enhanced CMR imaging is different from the well-known pattern of LGE in compact myocardial damage. Thus, improvements in spatial resolution are thought to be necessary to improve its ability to visualize ME-induced structural alterations even in vivo.

ZeitschriftJACC: Cardiovascular Imaging
Seiten (von - bis)121-130
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.02.2009


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