Survival and freedom from aortic valve-related reoperation after valve-sparing aortic root replacement in 1015 patients

Fabian A. Kari*, Kai Nicolas Doll, Wolfgang Hemmer, Markus Liebrich, Hans Hinrich Sievers, Doreen Richardt, Hermann Reichenspurner, Christian Detter, Matthias Siepe, Martin Czerny, Friedhelm Beyersdorf

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
17 Zitate (Scopus)


OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to characterize mortality and aortic valve replacement after valve-sparing aortic root replacement (V-SARR) in a multicentre cohort. METHODS Between 1994 and 2014, 1015 patients had V-SARR with (n = 288, 28%) or without cusp/commissure repair (n = 727, 72%) at the centres of Lübeck (n = 343, 34%), Stuttgart (n = 346, 34%), Hamburg (n = 109, 11%) and Freiburg (n = 217, 21%), Germany. Comparative survival of an age- and gender-matched general population was calculated. Log-rank tests and multiple logistic regression were used to identify risk factors. RESULTS The mean follow-up was 5.2 ± 3.9 years. Cumulative follow-up comprised 2933 patient-years. Early survival was 98%. NYHA status and aneurysm size were predictive of death during mid-term follow-up (P = 0.025). Freedom from aortic valve replacement was 90% at 8 years, with the type of V-SARR (root remodelling, David II) being a risk factor (P = 0.015). Bicuspid aortic valve (P = 0.26) and initial valve function (P = 0.4) did not impact reoperation. The need of additional valve repair (cusps/commissures) was not linked to reoperation: freedom from aortic valve replacement at 8 years was 84% if cusp repair was performed versus 90% if V-SARR alone was performed (P = 0.218). Marfan syndrome had no impact on survival or on aortic valve replacement. CONCLUSIONS Mid-term survival of patients after V-SARR is comparable with that of a matched general population. The regurgitant bicuspid aortic valve is a favourable substrate for V-SARR. Prophylactic surgery should be performed before symptoms or large aneurysms are present to achieve optimal mid-term outcomes.

ZeitschriftInteractive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Seiten (von - bis)431-438
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.04.2016


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