Background: The aim of this study was to assess the results of laparoscopic stoma creation for fecal diversion, specifically focussing on feasibility, safety, and efficacy, as well as indications and techniques. Methods: Within a 10-year-period, all patients requiring laparoscopic stoma creation were evaluated prospectively. Patients' profiles and indications, procedures and results of operation, conversion, morbidity, mortality and short-term complications (stoma-related, laparoscopy-associated) were analyzed. Results: A total of 80 patients (39 males, 41 females) with a mean age of 55.5 years (range, 17-91) underwent laparoscopic stoma creation. Most common indications were unresectable advanced colorectal cancer (n=20), pelvic malignant cancer (e.g. ovarian, cervix and prostate cancer, n=16), and perianal Crohn's disease with complex fistulas (n=16). Only in one female patient with pelvic malignant disease was the procedure converted to laparotomy due to obesity (conversion rate, 1.3%). 79 patients underwent laparoscopic stoma creation (completion rate, 98.7%) including loop ileostomy (n=30), loop sigmoid colostomy (n=40) and end sigmoid colostomy (n=9). Postoperative complications were documented in 9 patients (overall morbidity rate, 11.4%), including 4 minor complications treated conservatively (2 cases of prolonged atonia and 1 case each of pneumonia and urinary tract infection) and 5 major complications requiring reoperation (reoperation rate, 6.3%): one parastomal abscess (drainage), one stoma retraction following rod dislocation (laparoscopic stoma recreation), small bowel obstruction in two patients (small bowel resection), one port-site hernia (fascial closure), and hemorrhage (managed by re-laparoscopy). Mean operation time was 74 min (range, 30-245 min). Mean blood loss volume was 80 ml (range, 30-400 ml). Patients were discharged from hospital after a mean of 10.3 days (range, 3-47). Within a 1-year follow-up, no further stoma complications were documented. Conclusions: The advantages of laparoscopic stoma creation are low morbidity and reoperation rates, and no procedure-related mortality; our results suggest that laparoscopic stoma creation for fecal diversion is safe, feasible and effective. Therefore, at our institution, laparoscopic stoma creation is the method of choice for fecal diversion.
Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren
- Profilbereich: Lübeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)