Spinocerebellar ataxia 28: A novel AFG3L2 mutation in a German family with young onset, slow progression and saccadic slowing

Christine Zühlke, Barbara Mikat, Dagmar Timmann, Dagmar Wieczorek, Gabriele Gillessen-Kaesbach, Katrin Bürk*

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
14 Zitate (Scopus)


Background: Spinocerebellar ataxia type 28 (SCA28) is related to mutations of the ATPase family gene 3-like 2 gene (AFG3L2). To date, 13 private missense mutations have been identified in families of French, Italian, and German ancestry, but overall, the disorder seems to be rare in Europe. Here, we report a kindred of German ancestry with four affected family members presenting with slowly progressive ataxia, mild pyramidal tract signs and slow saccades. Methods: After excluding repeat expansions in the genes for SCA1-3, 6-8, 10, 12, and 17, Sanger sequencing of the coding regions of TTBK2 (SCA11), KCNC3 (SCA13), PRKCG (SCA14), FGF14 (SCA27) and AFG3L2 (SCA28) was performed. The 17 coding exons of AFG3L2 with flanking intronic sequences were amplified by PCR and sequenced on both strands. Results: Sequencing detected a novel potential missense mutation (p.Y689N) in the C-terminal proteolytic domain, the mutational hotspot of AFG3L2. The online programme "PolyPhen-2" classifies this amino acid exchange as probably damaging (score 0.990). Similarly to most of the published SCA28 mutations, the novel mutation is located within exon 16. Mutations in exon 16 alter the proteolytic activity of the protease AFG3L2 that is highly expressed in Purkinje cells. Conclusions: Genetic testing should be considered in dominant ataxia with pyramidal tract signs and saccadic slowing.

ZeitschriftCerebellum and Ataxias
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 16.12.2015

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  • Querschnittsbereich: Medizinische Genetik


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