The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of pathogenic variants in the SRD5A2 gene in children with 46,XY disorders of sex development (DSD) with normal to high serum testosterone levels and absence of Müllerian structures on imaging and to evaluate the genotype-phenotype correlation. Seventy-five patients with 46,XY DSD and probable clinical diagnosis of 5α-reductase 2 deficiency or androgen insensitivity syndrome were enrolled. Genetic analysis was done for pathogenic variants in SRD5A2, and the genotype-phenotype correlation was studied. As a result, 10 pathogenic or likely pathogenic biallelic variants in SRD5A2, either homozygous or compound heterozygous, were identified in 25 of 75 (33.3%) patients. The hCG stimulated testosterone: dihydrotestosterone (T:DHT) ratio was elevated in all patients with pathogenic variants in SRD5A2 and in nearly 90% of those without pathogenic variants in SRD5A2 in whom this was assessed. The missense pathogenic variant p.R246Q was a hotspot. One novel pathogenic variant p.Y178∗, and a variant p.F194I, not previously reported in patients with 5α-reductase 2 deficiency, were identified. The missense variant p.F194I was predicted as deleterious and damaging by in silico analysis and as likely to reduce the enzyme activity by protein modeling. In conclusion, pathogenic variants in SRD5A2 can be detected in a wide spectrum of Indian patients with 46,XY DSD. Molecular genetic analysis should be considered as a first-line test as the T:DHT ratio lacks specificity and a hotspot variant is present in a vast majority.
Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren
- Forschungsschwerpunkt: Gehirn, Hormone, Verhalten - Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)