Skin cancer screening participation and impact on melanoma incidence in Germany-an observational study on incidence trends in regions with and without population-based screening

A. Waldmann*, S. Nolte, M. A. Weinstock, E. W. Breitbart, N. Eisemann, A. C. Geller, R. Greinert, B. Volkmer, A. Katalinic

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
62 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The SCREEN (Skin Cancer Research to provide Evidence for Effectiveness of Screening in Northern Germany) project involved population-wide skin cancer screening with whole-body examination by general physicians and dermatologists. It was conducted in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein (July 2003-June 2004), but not in the German state of Saarland. Methods: The population-based registries of Schleswig-Holstein and Saarland provided data on melanoma incidence before, during, and after SCREEN to assess the association of skin cancer screening with incidence.Results:Approximately 19% of the Schleswig-Holstein population participated in SCREEN (women: 27%, men: 10%). A total of 52% of all melanomas diagnosed during SCREEN in Schleswig-Holstein were detected as part of the project. Melanoma incidence increased during SCREEN (invasive melanoma in women: 8.9 per 100 000 (95% confidence intervals (CI): 6.1; 11.7); men: +4.0 per 100 000 (95% CI:-1.6; 6.4)) and decreased afterwards (women: 10.6 per 100 000 (95% CI:-13.3; 7.9); men: 4.1 per 100 000 (95% CI:-6.5; 1.7)). Similar changes were not observed in Saarland that had no such project. The differences between the two states were greatest among women, the group with the greater SCREEN participation. Conclusion: The SCREEN project had a substantial impact on melanoma incidence. This is consistent with the impact of effective screening for other cancers.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftBritish Journal of Cancer
Jahrgang106
Ausgabenummer5
Seiten (von - bis)970-974
Seitenumfang5
ISSN0007-0920
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 28.02.2012

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Profilbereich: Zentrum für Bevölkerungsmedizin und Versorgungsforschung (ZBV)

DFG-Fachsystematik

  • 205-02 Public Health, medizinische Versorgungsforschung, Sozialmedizin
  • 205-14 Hämatologie, Onkologie
  • 205-19 Dermatologie

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