Short-term high-fat diet feeding protects from the development of experimental allergic asthma in mice

Torsten Schröder, Anna V. Wiese, Fanny Ender, Katharina M. Quell, Tillman Vollbrandt, Jannis Duhn, Annika Sünderhauf, Axel Künstner, Maria E. Moreno-Fernandez, Stefanie Derer, Zouhair Aherrahrou, Ian Lewkowich, Senad Divanovic, Christian Sina, Jörg Köhl, Yves Laumonnier*

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
2 Zitate (Scopus)


Background: A close association between obesity and asthma has been described. The nature of this association remains elusive, especially with respect to allergic asthma. Controversial findings exist regarding the impact of short-term high-fat diet (HFD) feeding on the development of allergic asthma. Objective: To delineate the impact of short-term HFD feeding on the development of experimental allergic asthma. Methods: Female C57BL/6JRJ mice were fed with a short-term HFD or chow diet (CD) for 12 weeks. Allergic asthma was induced by intraperitoneal OVA/alum sensitization followed by repeated OVA airway challenges. We determined airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and pulmonary inflammation by histologic and flow cytometric analysis of immune cells. Furthermore, we assessed the impact of HFD on dendritic cell (DC)-mediated activation of T cells. Results: Female mice showed a mild increase in body weight accompanied by mild metabolic alterations. Upon OVA challenge, CD-fed mice developed strong AHR and airway inflammation, which were markedly reduced in HFD-fed mice. Mucus production was similar in both treatment groups. OVA-induced increases in DC and CD4+ T-cell recruitment to the lungs were significantly attenuated in HFD-fed mice. MHC-II expression and CD40 expression in pulmonary CD11b+ DCs were markedly lower in HFD-fed compared to CD-fed mice, which was associated in vivo with a decreased T helper (Th) 1/17 differentiation and Treg formation without impacting Th2 differentiation. Conclusions/clinical relevance: These findings suggest that short-term HFD feeding attenuates the development of AHR, airway inflammation, pulmonary DC recruitment and MHC-II/CD40 expression leading to diminished Th1/17 but unchanged Th2 differentiation. Thus, short-term HFD feeding and associated metabolic alterations may have protective effects in allergic asthma development.

ZeitschriftClinical and Experimental Allergy
Seiten (von - bis)1245-1257
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.09.2019

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  • Querschnittsbereich: Medizinische Genetik


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