Safety and Feasibility of Catheter Ablation Procedures in Patients with Bleeding Disorders

Marcel Feher, Ardan M. Saguner, Bettina Kirstein, Julia Vogler, Charlotte Eitel, Huong Lan Phan, Ahmad Keelani, Tolga Cimen, Sascha Hatahet, Darko Trajanoski, Omar Samara, Karl Heinz Kuck, Roland R. Tilz, Christian H. Heeger*

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit

Abstract

Aims/Objectives: Patients with bleeding disorders are a rare and complex population in catheter ablation (CA) procedures. The most common types of bleeding disorders are von Willebrand disease (VWD) and hemophilia A (HA). Patients with VWD or HA tend to have a higher risk of bleeding complications compared to other patients. There is a lack of data concerning peri- and postinterventional coagulation treatment. We sought to assess the optimal management of patients with VWD and HA referred for catheter ablation procedures. Methods and Results: In this study, we analyzed patients with VWD or HA undergoing CA procedures at two centers in Germany and Switzerland between 2016 and 2021. Clotting factors were administered in conjunction with hemostaseological recommendations. CA was performed as per the institutional standard. During the procedure, unfractionated heparin (UFH) was given intravenously with respect to the activated clotting time (ACT). Primary endpoints included the feasibility of the procedure, bleeding complications, and thromboembolic events during the procedure. Secondary endpoints included bleeding complications and thromboembolic events up to one year after catheter ablation. A total of seven patients (three VWD Type I, one VWD Type IIa, three HA) underwent 10 catheter ablation procedures (pulmonary vein isolation (PVI): two × radiofrequency (RF), one × laser balloon (LB), one × cryoballoon (CB); PVI + cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI): one × RF; PVI + left atrial appendage isolation (LAAI): one × RF; Premature ventricular contraction (PVC): three × RF; Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT): one × RF). VWD patients received 2000–3000 IE Wilate i.v. 30 to 45 min prior to ablation. Patients with HA received 2000–3000 IE factor VIII before the procedure. All patients undergoing PVI received UFH (cumulative dose 9000–18,000 IE) with a target ACT of >300 s. All patients after PVI were started on oral anticoagulation (OAC) 12 h after ablation. Two patients received aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid; ASA) for 4 weeks after the ablation of left-sided PVCs. No anticoagulation was prescribed after slow pathway modulation in a case with AVNRT. No bleeding complications or thromboembolic events were reported. During a follow-up of one year, one case of gastrointestinal bleeding occurred following OAC withdrawal after LAA occlusion. Conclusions: After the substitution of clotting factors, catheter ablation in patients with VWD and HA seems to be safe and feasible.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer6956
ZeitschriftJournal of Clinical Medicine
Jahrgang11
Ausgabenummer23
ISSN2077-0383
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 12.2022

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Zentren: Universitäres Herzzentrum Lübeck (UHZL)

DFG-Fachsystematik

  • 205-12 Kardiologie, Angiologie

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