Retinal tumors are a heterogeneous group of congenital and acquired lesions. In this review series the important retinal tumors are discussed and presented in two articles. In the first part of the article the most important vascular tumors of the retina are presented. Even with benign tumors visual symptoms, such as exudative retinal detachment occur, which often lead to irreversible visual impairments. Because visual symptoms are often a manifestation of systemic diseases, the ophthalmologist plays an important role in the accurate and early diagnosis of retinal tumors. This article reviews the most important clinical and diagnostic features of retinal vascular tumors in adults, their systemic associations and the literature on currently available treatment strategies.