Quantification of Liver, Subcutaneous, and Visceral Adipose Tissues by MRI Before and After Bariatric Surgery

Anne Christin Meyer-Gerspach*, Ralph Peterli, Michael Moor, Philipp Madörin, Andreas Schötzau, Diana Nabers, Stefan Borgwardt, Christoph Beglinger, Oliver Bieri, Bettina K. Wölnerhanssen

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
10 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Morbid obesity is a worldwide epidemic and is increasingly treated by bariatric surgery. Fatty liver is a common finding; almost half of all patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis develop steatohepatitis. Bariatric surgery improves steatohepatitis documented by liver biopsy and single voxel magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques. Objective: To investigate changes before and after bariatric surgery using whole organ MRI quantification of liver, visceral, and subcutaneous fat. Setting: University of Basel Hospital and St. Clara Research Ltd, Basel, Switzerland. Methods: Sixteen morbidly obese patients were evaluated by abdominal MRI-scanning before and 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after bariatric surgery to measure percentage liver fat (%-LF), total liver volume (TLV) and visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues (VAT and SAT). Fasting plasma samples were taken for measurement of glucose, insulin, blood lipids, and liver biomarkers. In a control group of 12 healthy lean volunteers, the liver biomarker was also measured. Results: The reproducibility of fat quantification by use of MRI was excellent. LF decreased significantly faster than VAT and SAT (%-LF vs. VAT p < 0.001 and %-LF vs. SAT p < 0.001). At certain time points, %-LF, VAT, and SAT were associated with changes in blood lipids and insulin. Conclusions: MRI quantification offers excellently reproducible results in measurement of liver fat and visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues. Liver fat decreased significantly faster than visceral or subcutaneous adipose tissue. Decrease in %-LF and VAT is associated with decrease in total cholesterol, LDL, and plasma insulin.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftObesity Surgery
Jahrgang29
Ausgabenummer9
Seiten (von - bis)2795-2805
Seitenumfang11
ISSN0960-8923
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 15.09.2019

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